Suicide prevention is an array of efforts to reduce the risk of suicide. It can be applied on an individual, relationship, community, or even society level. A common goal of suicide prevention is to decrease the number of suicide attempts, which are often preventable. Some ways to prevent suicide include: (1) identifying and addressing warning signs of suicide, and (2) using effective interventions.
Symptoms of suicidal ideation are often difficult to detect because of the intense feelings of shame and guilt that are common to people with suicidal thoughts. But there are some signs that a person is contemplating suicide: They may be depressed, give away possessions, or talk about being a burden. Often, these symptoms can be the result of challenging or traumatic life events that have left them feeling hopeless.
Parents and educators can play a vital role in providing a supportive environment for young people, especially those in trouble. By understanding the warning signs of suicidal thoughts and providing caring support, they can help their children cope with the crisis. Educators can also help youth cope with their feelings by letting them know that they are available for them in times of need.
When a teen starts thinking about suicide, the first thing they should do is talk to a trusted adult. A trusted adult will not make them feel like a tattletale, and they’ll be relieved that someone knows. A good friend or family member can also help them find resources or a support system that can help them cope with their thoughts.
In addition to talking to the person who is at risk, it is important to provide them with life skills such as critical thinking, coping with stress, and problem solving. These skills will prepare them to deal with difficult situations and make them more resilient. Research shows that people who are resilient are less likely to commit suicide. This resilience can be fostered by skills training, mobile apps, and self-help materials. Once these skills are developed, they will help them to deal with adversity and improve their chances of living a productive life.
Crisis services provide 24/7 support for individuals who have been experiencing severe emotional distress. Crisis services include crisis text lines, walk-in crisis clinics, and peer-support groups. Crisis services directly address the risk of suicide by providing assessment and stabilization and referring individuals to continuing care. Postvention includes a response to promote healing and hope after a suicide death.
Suicide prevention requires an integrated public health approach and is rooted in the knowledge that prevention is everyone’s business. The best way to prevent suicide is by working together to address the root causes of the problem. There are several factors that contribute to suicide prevention, including increased proficiency in mental health services, empowering communities, and using community resources. In addition, preventing suicide can lead to reduced rates of substance abuse, domestic violence, and handguns.
There are many strategies to prevent suicide, but the most effective approach is a comprehensive one. The strategies above are based on the varying aspects of the problem and are meant to help organizations and communities address the problem in a more comprehensive manner. The nine strategies outlined in this model can be implemented individually, or combined to improve suicide prevention efforts.
For those who are in crisis, a trained crisis worker is available 24 hours a day. These trained individuals can provide confidential support and develop a plan to stay safe. Many research studies have shown that if a person contacts someone they have a higher chance of surviving a suicide attempt. These resources are available online and through the phone. It is a good idea to make use of these resources to prevent suicide and save someone’s life.